As a part of installation process of a proprietary system, my team was requested to run a small program that determine a fingerprint of a system as a part software license deployment. The only instruction we received was the script requires korn shell (ksh) to run. Obviously it failed to run

Upon further inspection, the ksh script is a just a wrapper that check operating system type and run the appropriate binary executable.

When I tried to run the binary directly I got this

[surfer@sakurazuka]$ ./genid 
-bash: ./echoid: No such file or directory

To determine which interpreter is required to run a certain binary executable, we can do :

readelf -a <executable> | grep interpreter

If your system does not have it, you can get it by installing binutils. You can do:

On RHEL and friends:

[surfer@sakurazuka]$sudo yum install binutils

Or, on Ubuntu and clones:

surfer@seishiro:~$ sudo apt install binutils

Running the above command on the binary I was provided gave me this

[surfer@sakurazuka]$readelf -a genid | grep interpreter
      [Requesting program interpreter: /lib/ld-linux.so.2]

Depends on what distribution in use, we then look for the package(s) that provide the above library,

On RHEL and its derivatives:

[surfer@sakurazuka]$yum provides ld-linux.so.2
Last metadata expiration check: 0:07:25 ago on Wed 07 Sep 2022 09:49:31 AM WIB.

glibc-2.28-189.1.el8.i686 : The GNU libc libraries
Repo : RHEL8
Matched from:
Provide : ld-linux.so.2

Or,  in Ubuntu

surfer@seishiro:~$ apt-file find ld-linux.so.2
libc6-i386: /lib/ld-linux.so.2
libc6-i386: /lib32/ld-linux.so.2

if apt-file is not available on your Ubuntu, installation, do this first:

surfer@seishiro:~$ sudo apt install apt-file

The next step to take is to either packages on the corresponding system.

On RHEL

[surfer@sakurazuka home]$ sudo yum install glibc.i686

or, on Ubuntu

 surfer@seishiro:~$ sudo apt install libc6-i386

And, we’re done!

 

By ikhsan

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